Mythopoetic Men’s Movement

A quest for emotional depth and a redefined masculinity through ancient myths and modern rituals.


The Mythopoetic Men’s Movement emerged in the late 20th century as a cultural phenomenon, primarily in the United States, aiming to explore and redefine masculinity against the backdrop of feminist critiques and evolving societal expectations. This movement, gaining momentum through the 1980s and 1990s, sought to address the complexities of male identity and the challenges faced by men in modern society through a unique blend of psychological, spiritual, and cultural practices.

Central to the movement was the utilization of myths, folklore, and Jungian psychology to tap into the “deep masculine” – a concept suggesting that modern societal developments had led men to lose touch with their fundamental masculine nature, which was seen as emotional, spiritual, and connected with the natural world. The movement advocated for a return to tribal-like communities and rituals, suggesting that such practices could help men reclaim aspects of their masculinity that had been suppressed or lost in contemporary society.

Robert Bly’s book “Iron John: A Book About Men” is often cited as a catalyst for the movement. Through an analysis of the Grimm Brothers’ fairy tale “Iron John,” Bly articulated the journey of men towards discovering and embracing a more authentic and emotionally rich masculine identity. This exploration was not just about rejecting or critiquing modern masculinity but about recovering valuable aspects of manhood believed to be lost.

The movement was characterized by its retreats and workshops, where men could engage in activities designed to foster introspection, emotional expression, and personal growth. These gatherings often included elements such as drumming circles, storytelling, and wilderness quests, drawing from a variety of cultural traditions to create a space for men to explore their inner worlds and forge deeper connections with one another.

Despite its intentions and the community it built, the Mythopoetic Men’s Movement faced criticism for its focus on the experiences of primarily white, middle-class men, potentially overlooking the nuanced experiences of masculinity across different races, classes, and sexual orientations. Critics also raised concerns that the movement’s reliance on traditional symbols and archetypes of masculinity might inadvertently reinforce outdated or harmful stereotypes.

Nevertheless, the movement’s emphasis on emotional depth, vulnerability, and personal growth has left a lasting impact, sparking broader conversations about masculinity, identity, and the need for spaces where men can explore and express their emotions and vulnerabilities without judgment. It paved the way for future explorations of masculinity and contributed to the evolving discourse on gender, identity, and personal development.

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